At WinWorld we prefer that software be contributed in full and in open formats. Most CD and DVD discs will have a single track or multiple tracks. Most software discs will have a single track. Certain games and other software may have an initial data track followed by several audio tracks or disks may, under rare circumstances, have multiple data tracks. Single track discs can have an image of their UDF/ISO9660 file system made (aka .ISO images) and multi-track discs should be imaged using the BIN/CUE format with audio tracks in waveform (.WAV) files.
We also have requirements for Floppy Disk Images.
To create an image on Windows you need to download and install the free piece of software ImgBurn
To capture a hybrid file system image (Apple ISO/HFS) which is common among all disc software that claims to support Mac OS you must use a Mac. This will outline how to capture images using the Disk Utility application. Most PC software is suitable for capture with this method as well although the Mac may discard critical information if the disc is bootable on a normal PC. Please use the Windows instructions to capture PC bootable discs.
This also applies to OS X on the Terminal or most other *nix variants which ship a modern dd and expose
the CD-ROM as a
/dev device for your CD-ROM, usually this is
/dev/cdrom on Linux
and one of the
/dev/diskX drives on OS X. Run the command replacing the that and
/path/to/image.iso with the real name and path of the ISO you want to create:
dd if=/dev/cdrom of=/path/to/image.iso
You will need to obtain the
cdrdao utility if not already installed. Most distributions ship
this and this can be installed through your system's package manager -
apt-get on Debian,
yum on CentOS, RedHat or Fedora.
cdrdao read-cd --read-raw --datafile=/path/to/image.bin --device [bus,id,lun] --driver generic-mmc-raw /path/to/image.cue
IDE users can use --device ATAPI:0,0,0 for a master, ATAPI:0,1,0 for a slave. You can also pass a device
/dev/cdrom.. See this CDRDAO article
for more information.
MDF/MDS is a proprietary format that was pioneered by Alcohol 120%. It's great for capturing multi-track discs, but so is BIN/CUE. Both formats are equal in functionality with the latter having more of a guarantee of software that's able to read the files in years and years to come. Please do not accept suggestion from anyone that MDF/MDS is an acceptable format for archive preservation.